What is it: Takt Time can be defined as the maximum time allowed to produce a product in order to meet demand. It is derived from the German word taktzeit which translates to clock cycle, beat or tempo. There is a logic therefore to setting the pace of production flow to this Takt Time. Product flow is expected to fall within a pace that is less than or equal to the Takt Time. In a lean manufacturing environment, the pace time is set equal to the Takt Time. If you have a Takt Time of two minutes that means every two minutes a complete product, assembly or machine is produced off the line. Every two hours, two days or two weeks, whatever your sell rate is your Takt Time.

Why use it: Takt Time is the time required to produce a component or set of components at the pace necessary to satisfy actual customer demand. It helps you see how you are doing and what you need to improve. Takt Time is a core measure of lean and is often referred to in business improvement programs due to its importance it’s often set as an operational target and is used when carrying out resource planning. Takt Time represents the ideal state of production meeting demand.

Where to use it: Takt Time is the rate at which a process should be producing at the ideal. Measure your actual production rate and compare it to Takt Time to identify 'problem' processes and opportunities to add value.

When to use it: It is used to Synchronize the pace of production to match the pace of sales by determining the rate for producing a product and its components, based on sales rate.

How to use it: Takt Time is calculated by taking available production time and dividing it by the customer demand as shown below:

When the order volume increases or decreases, Takt Time must be adjusted so that production and demand are synchronized. To avoid muda, the entire production sequence should run precisely to Takt Time.

For example if you have 8 hours of production time which equates to 480 minutes or 28,800 seconds and the demand is for 350 widgets per day then the Takt Time (in seconds) is calculated by taking the total seconds available 28,800 and dividing by the demand of 350 which equals 82 seconds. Most businesses don’t run at 100% efficiency so available working time normally has an efficiency ratio applied to it which will result in a shorter Takt Time (meaning the production line needs to run slightly faster). Please refer to the power point presentation on how Takt Time is used for line balancing.

 Name Format Preview (Click to enlarge) Takt Time Line Balancing Presentation Microsoft PowerpointFormat Takt Time Calculator Microsoft ExcelFormat Takt Time Calculator Example Microsoft ExcelFormat Operator % Load Chart Microsoft ExcelFormat
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